Prof. Klaus Neuburg, Prof. Sven Quadflieg,

Prof. Dr. Simon Nestler

Will Artificial Intelligence Make Designers Obsolete?

Design is an action that is characterized by enlarging the search space for possible solutions to an existing problem. However, the concrete form of the solution is not further defined: it includes artefacts as well as actions and ideas, but can also negate them by analyzing the problem. This paper analyses two different perspectives on a designing AI: On the one hand, AI describes agents who perceive their surroundings and try to solve their problems as best as possible. On the other hand, AI describes the ability of computer programs to imitate human approaches using skills such as learning. According to these two perspectives, problems must be perceptible and systematically learnable so that a designing AI is superior to both humans and their algorithms. Nevertheless, a designing AI won’t be a designer. This might lead to a democratization of design, as more people will have access to the creation of design artefacts through the tools, but also leads to the fact that parts of the design process will be subject to change. The use of AI in design comes to a limit, when the execution of design processes is essential and existing paradigms are to be questioned and newly developed.

Klaus Neuburg is a designer and substitute professor for design and conception at the University of Applied Sciences Hamm-Lippstadt. His work sits at the intersection of design and society, architecture and technology. His research focuses on design methodology and transmedia design paying specific attention to social contexts. He is co-founder and vice president of the Media NGO FROH! e.V.

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Sven Quadflieg is a designer and professor for design at the University of Applied Sciences Hamm- Lippstadt. His research interests include civil and political design and the interdependencies between design and society. He is a member of the International Gender Design Network and the German Society for Design Theory and Research.

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Simon Nestler holds a doctorate in computer science and is Professor for Human-Computer Interaction at the Technische Hochschule Ingolstadt. He is a member of the Association for Computing Machinery (ACM), the ACM SIGCHI and the German UPA. He is also a member of the Presidium of the German Informatics Society (GI) and a member of the Executive Committee of the Human-Computer Interaction Department of the GI.